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Currently Browsing: Research Articles

Between the Color Lines: A History of African Americans on the California Frontier from 1769 through Reconstruction

Between the Color Lines is a new book by Darius Spearman that explores the meaning of the frontier and how frontier life shaped the experiences of African Americans in California. 

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In the Spirit of Papa Doc

In 1990 Father Jean Bertrand Aristide won the presidential elections by a landslide (upwards of 80% of the popular vote), and became Haiti’s first democratically elected president. He was ousted by Military General Raul Cedras in September 1991 and did not return until a US-led force, under the code name, “Operation: Restore Democracy,” expelled the junta three years later. Why, amidst the reverberating outcry from the world community against the horrible atrocities committed by the military dictator and his henchmen, did the United States wait three years to bring Aristide back to power and “restore democracy”?

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Between Two Worlds: Blacks and the Frontier Zone of the English and Spanish North American Colonies

The desire of Blacks to attain status within a society that has deliberately associated their blackness with lesser status has been a constant issue in African American history in the United States. This is no less true in the colonial period – in fact this period is characterized by the constant motion of people of all types searching for space to express their culture and to be part of a society on their own terms.

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